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今天是: 2021年01月19日 星期二
班级建设
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一、说课是怎么一回事

  shuokeyouchengweixingke,huojiaoxueshejike。

亚博app   duixiang——zhuanjia,tongshi。

  shijian——15fenzhongyinei。

  renwu——chanshu“jiaoshenme”、“zenyangjiao”、“weishenmezheiyangjiao”。

亚博app   xingzhi——jiaoxueyanjiuhuodong。shuokezheyuzhuanjia、tongshijiuruheshanghaoyitangkejinxingshuangxiangjiaoliu,shuokezhejiumouyitangkechanshu“jiaoshenme”、“zenyangjiao”、“weishenmezheiyangjiao”,zhuanjia、tongshiduishuokezhedejiaoxueshejijinxingbamaizhenduan,tichugaijinyijian。

亚博app   tezheng——tuchujiaoxuelinian、quanshijiaoxuesixiang 、tixianjiaoxuenengli 、zhanxianjiaoxuejingjie、zhanshiyanjiangcaihua

  ◆亚博app教学理念: 亚博app从说课内涵着,教学理念在说课中占有突出的地位,可以说是整个说课的灵魂所在。说课不仅要说出应然,即教什么、怎么教,而且要说出所以然,即为什么要教这些、为什么要这样教。没有教学理念的说课,说课便没了分量,没有力度和光彩。譬如: 以学生为本的教学理念: 学生在教学中的主体地位(如学情分析、说学生),参赛者要点题说破 。你不点题说破,别人以为你是套用一种固定模式,可能说是一回事,做是另一回事。

  ◆亚博app教学思想: 从说课表达形式看,说课不仅仅限于对教学设计或教学方案的简单说明解释上,它更加突出地表达授课教师的现代教学教学思想,更加注重的是对现代教育理论的诠释。所以要求教师在说课中必须清晰、完整地表达出自己的教育思想和教学思路。譬如建构主义的教学思想,要求学生在学习中根据自己现有的生活经验和知识对新知识进行自我构建,实现新知识的内化。

  ◆亚博app教学能力的体现: 从说课过程看,说课应该促使教师的教学从经验型向科研型转化,促使教师由教书匠向教育家转化。因为教学思想的阐发,能够使教师进一步明确正确的教学观、学生观;教学设计的展现,可以使教师把理论与实际紧密联系起来,用理论指导教学实践,解释教学现象,预测教学效果;说课可以提升教师的教学能力,升华教师的教学境界。

  ◆亚博app教学境界的展现:  教学是一门科学,也是一门艺术,应该具有创造性。一个教师对教学的创造便体现在他的说课之中,体现在他对于教学准确而独到的见解,对于教学环节独具一格的安排,对于教学策略独具匠心的理解和独特的运用技巧。一个教学设计必须具有时空感,要有教学时量的分配(两种类型: 传统课堂45分钟的分配;项目教学法教学时量的分配),要有教学空间布局 。

  ◆亚博app演讲才华的展示: 从说课技能上看,说课主要靠语言来表达。这使它具有演讲特点。说课是将静态的内在功夫的备课转为动态的外化功夫,它集中体现在说课者的心口相应的协调和面对专家同行演说的技巧。它与上课有区别,上课是面对学生,是一种师生之间和生生之间的交流和沟通,通过导课去激发和指导学生去学习,而说课是一种告知,让听者明白你所要上的某一堂课的内容、目的、策略、手段及其效果的评价,明白你的教学思想及教学行为所引起的效应。所以,说课更应该具有说服力。语言要生动,要有逻辑性,要注意着装以及体态。

  二、说课究竟要说什么

  jianeryanzhi,shuokejiushishuojiaocai、shuoxuesheng(xueqing)、shuojiaofayushouduan 、shuojiaoxuechengxu、shuojiaoxuexiaoguodeyuce deng。

  ◆亚博app说教材:

  shuokeshouxianyaoshuomingzijiduijiaocaidelijie。shuojiaocaidemudeyouliangge:

  yishiquedingxuexineirongdefanweiyushendu,mingque“jiaoshenme”;

  ershijieshixuexineirongzhonggexiangzhishiyujinengzhijiandexianghuguanxi,mingquebentangkeyushangxiakedeguanxi,weijiaoxueshunxudeanpaidiandingjichu,zhidao“ruhejiao”。

  shuojiaocaibaokuoyixiajigefangmian:

  yishishuomingjiaocaibanben;

  ershijiaodaibentangkedejiaoxueneirongzaidanyuan、zhangjienaizhizhenggexuekezhongdediwei、zuoyongheyiyi,jiaodaibentangkedejiaoxueneirongzaishengchanshenghuozhongdeyingyongyiyi;

  三是确定教学目标。要注意目标的完整性,教学目标应该包括知识与技能、过程与方法和情感态度三个方面的目标;要注意目标的可行性,即教学目标要符合课程教学大纲的要求,切合本层次学生的实际;要注意目标的可操作性,即目标要求具体、明确,能直接用来指导、评价和检查该课的教学工作;

   sishiquedingjiaocaidezhongdiannandian。jiaoxuezhongdianchuzhishizhongdianwai,haibaokuonengliheqinggandezhongdian。jiaoxuenandian,shineixiebijiaochouxiang、lishenghuojiaoyuanhuoguochengbijiaofuza,shixueshengnanyilijiehezhangwodezhishi。bingyaojutifenxijiaoxuenandianhejiaoxuezhongdianzhijiandeguanxi。

   ◆亚博app说学生(学情):

  jiushifenxijiaoxueduixiang。yinweixueshengshixuexidezhuti,yincijiaoshishuokebixushuoqingchuxueshengqingkuang。shuoxueshengbaokuo:

  yishuoxueshengdezhishijingyan。zheilishuomingxueshengxuexixinzhishiqiantamensuojuyoudejichuzhishiheshenghuojingyan,zheizhongzhishijingyanduixuexixinzhishichanshengshenmeyangdeyingxiang;

  ershuoxueshengdejinengtaidu。jiushifenxixueshengzhangwoxuexineirongsuobixujubeidexuexijiqiao,yijishifoujubeixuexixinzhishisuobixuzhangwodejinenghetaidu;

  sanshuoxueshengdetedianfengge。shuomingxueshengnianlingtedian,yijiyouyushentihezhilishangdegebiechayisuoxingchengdexuexifangshiyufengge, fenxixueshengduibentangkedexuexihuiyudaoshenmekunnan。

  ◆亚博app说教法与手段:

  jiushishuochuxuanyongshenmeyangdejiaoxuefangfahecaiqushenmeyangdejiaoxueshouduan,yijicaiyongzheixiejiaoxuefangfaheshouduandelilunyijushishenme。

  yiyaoshuojiaofazuhejiqiyiju。jiaofadezuhe,shouxianyaokaolvnengfouqudezuijiaxiaoguo,qiciyaokaolvshishengdelaodongfuchushifoutixianlezuiyouhuayuanze。yibanyijiekeyiyierzhongjiaoxuefangfaweizhu,chuanchashentouqitajiaofa。shuojiaofazuhedeyiju,yaocongjiaoxuemubiao、jiaoxueneirong、jiaocaibianpaixingshi、xueqingyijixuexiaoshebeitiaojiandengfangmianshuoming。yinweijiaoxueguochengshijiaoyuxuedetongyiguocheng,zheigeguochengbixushijiaofahexuefatongbudeguocheng,yincijiaoshizaishuokeshihaiyaoshuomingzenyangjiaohuixueshengxuexidefangfaheguilv。

  eryaoshuojiaoxueshouduanjiqiyiju。jiaoxueshouduanshizhijiaoxuegongju(hanchuantongjiaoju、kejian、xuean、duomeiti、jisuanjiwangluodeng)dexuanzejiqishiyongfangfa,yaojinkenengshiyongxiandaihuadejiaoxueshouduan。jiaoxueshouduandexuanze,yishijiduo,shiyongguopin,shiketangjiaoxuebianchengjiaojuhuokejiandezhanlan;ershijiguoyujiandan,bunengfanyingxueketedian;sanjiliuyuxingshi。haiyoushuomingshizenyangyijujiaoxuemubiao、jiaocaineirong、xueqing、xuexiaoshebeitiaojian、jiaojudegongnengdenglaixuanzejiaoxueshouduande。

亚博app   ◆yaboappshuojiaoxuechengxu :

亚博app   shuojiaoxuechengxujiushijieshaojiaoxueguochengsheji,zheishishuokedezhongdianbufen。yinweizhiyoutongguozheiyiguochengdefenxicainengkandaoshuokezhedujujiangxindejiaoxueanpai,tafanyinglejiaoshidejiaoxuesixiang、jiaoxuegexingyufengge。yezhiyoutongguoduijiaoxueguochengshejidechanshu,cainengkandaojiaoxueanpaishifouhelixing、kexuexingheyishuxing。jiaoxueguochengtongchangyaoshuoqingchuxiamianjigewenti:

  yiyaoshuojiaoxuesiludeshejijiqiyiju。jiaoxuesiluzhuyaobaokuogejiaoxuehuanjiedeshunxuanpaijishishengshuangbianhuodongdeanpai。zhengtilaishuo,jiaoxueguochengyaoyoujiaoxueqingjing、shishengjiaosedingwei、ketangjiaoxuehuanjie、jiaoxueshijianhekongjianfenpeiyubujudengfangmiandesheji。jiaoxuesiluyaocengcifenming,fuyouqifaxing,nengtixianjiaoshidezhudaozuoyonghexueshengdezhutizuoyong。haiyaoshuomingjiaoxuesilushejidelilunyiju。

  eryaoshuojiaoxuezhongdian、nandiandechuli。jiaoshigaochaodejiaoxuejiyitixianzaituchuzhongdian、tuponandianshang,zheishijiaoshizaijiaoxuehuodongzhongtourudejinglizuida、fuchudelaodongzuiduodefangmian,yeshijiaoshidejiaoxueshenduhejiaoxueshuipingdebiaozhi。yincijiaoshizaishuokeshi,bixuyouzhongdiandishuomingtuchujiaoxuezhongdian,tupojiaoxuenandiandejibencelve。yejiushiyaocongzhishijiegou、jiaoxueyaosudeyouhua、xitidexuanzehesiweixunlian、jiaoxuefangfahejiaoxuemeitidexuanyong、fankuixinxidechulidengfangmianqushuomingtuchuzhongdiandebuzhou、fangfahexingshi。

  sanyaoshuogejiaoxuehuanjiedeshijianfenpei。yaolianxijiaoxueneirong、xueqinghejiaoxuefangfadengshuochugegejiaoxuehuanjiedejutishijian,bingyaoshuominggejiaoxuehuanjiedeshijianshizenyangchongfenliyongde。yaoyangchengxueshengshoushidehaoxiguan。

亚博app   sishishuobanshusheji,zhuyaojieshaozheitangkedebanshuleixingshigangmushi、biaojieshi、haishitujieshideng,banshudejutineirongshishenme,banshudezhanxianxingshishishenmedengdeng。

  ◆亚博app说教学反思:

  jiaoxuexiaoguoshijiaoxuemubiaodeguisuhetixian。jiaoxuefansi,jishijiaoshiduishixianjiaoxuemubiaodeqiwang,youshijiaoshiduishixianjiaoxuemubiaochengdudeziwobawo。jiaoshizaishuokeshi,yaoduixueshengderenzhi、zhilikaifa、nenglifazhan、sixiangpindedeyangcheng、shenxinfazhandengfangmianzuochuyuce。

  laoshimen,shuokeshiweiketangjiaoxuefuwude。womenbunengweileshuokeershuoke。womenyaobashuokezhongtixianlejiaoxuexinlinian、xinsilu、xinfangfayingyongyupingshideketangjiaoxuezhongqu,bingzaijutidejiaoxueshijianzhongduixianyoudejiaoxuelilundadandijinxingzhengshihuozhengwei。womenbunengqiwangmouyitangkexiangshuokeneiyang,zuodefeichangwanmei,danwomenyaobuduandixiquxiandaijiaoyujiaoxuexinlilunzhongdelinianyufangfa,shulijiaoxuexinlinian,zhangwoxinfangfa。yongyigebifanglaishuoming,fuzhuangbiaoyanttaishangmotechuandefuzhuang,bushimeiyijianfuzhuangdounengzaixianshishenghuozhongchuandeshang,danmeiyijianfuzhuangdoubaohanxiandaishehuiliuxingdeshishangyuansu。

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